Carol H. Gilmour, MD, MPH

  • Clinical Associate Professor of Pediatrics
  • Chair, UPMC Mercy Department of Pediatrics
  • Neonatology Medical Director, UPMC Horizon

Carol Gilmour, MD, MPH, is a UPMC neonatologist and serves as Chair of the Department of Pediatrics at UPMC Mercy and Neonatology Medical Director at UPMC Horizon.

Gilmour received her medical degree from the Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine and her MPH in Epidemiology from the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health. She completed her residency in Pediatrics and fellowship in Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. Gilmour is certified in Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine by the American Board of Pediatrics. She is a fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics and member of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine. Professional interests include fetal and infant growth and nutrition, fetal effects of maternal disease, clinical outcomes and quality improvement. Notable achievements include the American College of Nutrition Anafred N. Halpern Award and New Investigator Research Grant Award (1993), the Midwest Society for Pediatric Research James Sutherland Young Investigator Award (1997), and You Rock! Recognition by the UPMC Magee-Womens Hospital NICU Nursing Staff (2018).

Gilmour is currently the physician lead for the Coding and Billing Optimization project in the Division of Newborn Medicine. By avocation, she is a clarinetist and was selected into the National Academy of Medicine’s Action Collaborative on Clinician Well-Being and Resilience permanent online exhibit “Expressions of Clinician Well-Being An Art Exhibition” (2018). 

Professional and Scientific Society Memberships

  • American Academy of Pediatrics, 1987-Present
    • Perinatal Section, 1991-Present 
  • American College of Nutrition, 1991-1995 
  • American Public Health Association, 1992-1995 
  • Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine, 1996-Present
  • Society for Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiologic Research, 2003-2011

Education & Training

  • BS, Biology, Cornell University, 1982
  • MD, Pennsylvania State University, 1986
  • MPH, Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Health, 2000
  • Residency in Pediatrics, UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, 1989
  • Fellowship in Neonatology, UPMC Magee-Womens Hospital, 1992

Selected Publications

Writing group for the TRIGR Study Group, Knip M, Ǻkerblom HK, Al Taji E, Becker D, Bruining J, Castano L, Danne T, de Beaufort C, Dosch HM, Dupre J, Fraser WD, Howard N, Ilonen J, Konrad D, Kordonouri O, Krischer JP, Lawson ML, Ludvigsson J, Madacsy L, Mahon JL, Ormisson A, Palmer JP, Pozzilli P, Savilahti E, Serrano-Rios M, Songini M, Taback S, Vaarala O, White NH, Virtanen SM, Wasikowa R. JAMA 2018 Jan 2;319(1):38-48. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19826.

Nucci AM, Virtanen SM, Sorkio S, Bärlund S, Cuthbertson D, Uusitalo U, Lawson ML, Salonen M, Berseth CL, Ormisson A, Lehtonen E, Savilahti E, Becker DJ, Dupré J, Krischer JP, Knip M, Ǻkerblom HK; TRIGR Investigators. Regional differences in milk and complementary feeding patterns in infants participating in an international nutritional type 1 diabetes prevention trial. Matern Child Nutr 2017 Jul; 13(3). doi:10.1111/mcn.12354. 

Knip M, Ǻkerblom HK, Becker D, Dosch HM, Dupré J, Fraser W, Howard N, Ilonen J, Krischer JP, Kordonouri O, Lawson ML, Palmer JP, Savilahti E, Vaarala O, Virtanen SM; TRIGR Study Group. Hydrolyzed infant formula and early ẞ-cell autoimmunity: a randomized clinical trial.  JAMA 2014 Jun 11;311(22):2279-87. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.5610.

Lehtonen E, Ormisson A, Nucci A, Cuthbertson D, Sorkio S, Hyytinen M, Alahuhta K, Berseth C, Salonen M, Taback S, Franciscus M, González-Frutos T, Korhonen TE, Lawson ML, Becker DJ, Krischer JP, Knip M, Virtanen SM; TRIGR Investigators. Use of Vitamin D supplements during infancy in an international feeding trial. Public Health Nutr 2014 Apr; 17(4):810-22.

Rubio DM, Day NL, Conigliaro JC, Hanusa BH, Larkby C, McNeil M, Cohen E, Jones B, Watt-Morse M, Gilmour C, Lancet M, Kraemer KL Brief motivational enhancement intervention to prevent or reduce postpartum alcohol use: A single-blinded, randomized controlled effectiveness trial. J Substance Abuse Treatment 2014; 46:382-389. doi:10.1016/j.jsat.2013.10.009.

Nucci AM, Becker DJ, Virtanen SM, Cuthbertson D, Softness B, Huot C, Wasikowa R, Dosch HM, Ǻkerblom HK, Knip M; TRIGR Study Group. Growth differences between North American and European children at risk for type 1 diabetes.  Pediatr Diabetes 2012 Aug; 13(5):425-31. doi:10.1111/j.1399-5448.2011.00840.x

Rajakumar A, Jeyabalan A, Markovic N, Ness R, Gilmour C, Conrad K. Placental HIF-1α, HIF-2α, Flt-1 and sFlt-1 proteins are not increased in normotensive pregnancies complicated by late onset intrauterine growth restriction. Am J Physiol Regulatory Integrative Comp Physiol 2007; 293:766-774.

Shibata E, Rajakumar A, Powers RW, Larkin RW, Gilmour C, Bodnar LM, Crombleholme WR, Ness, RB, Roberts JM, Hubel CA  Soluble-fms-like Tyrosine Kinase 1 (sFlt-s) is increased in preeclampsia but not in normotensive pregnancies with small-for-gestational-age neonates: Relationship to circulating placental growth factor (PIGF).   J Clin Endocrinol & Metab 2005; 90(8):4895-903. 

Yanowitz TD, Jordan JA, Gilmour CH, Towbin R, Bowen A, Roberts JM, Brozanski BS Hemodynamic disturbances in premature infants born after chorioamnionitis: Association with cord blood cytokine concentrations.  Pediatr Res 2002 ; 51(3):310-316. 

Gilmour CH, Patrick TE, Roberts JM  Increased umbilical cellular fibronectin concentrations are associated with a decreased prevalence of growth restriction in preeclampsia.  J Soc Gynecol Investig 1999; 6(5):264-267.

Full Publication List via NIH PubMed »